Listed in alphabetical order in millions people.
Argentina, 11 mln – source Indec statistics agency 2018.
Australia, 2.9 mln – source Australian Council of Social Service 2017
Brazil, 50 mln – source Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) 2017
Canada, 4.8 mln – source 2016 Canada census
China, 30.46 mln – source National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) 2017.
European Union, 118 mln – source (of which 40mln in extreme poverty) Eurostat
France, 8.8 mln – source Secours Catholique 2018
Germany, 15.5 mln – source Germany Federal Statistics Office 2017
India, 364 mln – source UNDP 2018
Indonesia, 25.95 mln (absolute poverty) – source Indonesia Central Statistics Agency (BPS) 2018
Italy, 9.4 million (of which 4 mln in absolute poverty) source ISTAT 2018
Japan, 20 mln – World Bank 2010
Mexico, 55.3 mln – source Government social development agency Coneval 2014
Russia, 20,8 mln – source Russian State Statistics Service
Saudi Arabia, 4 mln – source Saudi gov 2018
South Africa, 30,383 mln – source Stats SA
South Korea, 8 mln (tot population 51.47 million (2017) source 2016 OECD
Turkey, 15 mln source Turkish Statistical Institute’s (TÜİK) 2014
United Kingdom. 14.2 mln – sources Social Metrics Commission (SMC) – United Nations report 2018
United States. 40 million source United Nations report 2018
India alone counts 276 mln people in relative poverty plus 78 mln people in absolute poverty, of which 15 million in condition of extreme deprivation. UNDP’s report this year noted the Asian country reduced poverty to 27.5% from the previous 54.7% over the last 10 years. Indian total population is 1,360,088,703 billion (UN 2018). Though United States are still the world’s leading economy, poverty accounts for 12.3% of its total population; these UN official figures have been criticised by the previous U.S. Ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley who said they were “misleading and politically motivated”. The recent UN envoy’s report on poverty counting 14 mln people living below the poverty line in the United Kingdom has been slashed by the British government who denied the figures. Over the last five years China has reduced poverty by 68.53 million people (figures issued by China’s State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development this year). In 2012 Chinese in extreme poverty were nearly 100 mln.
In many G20 countries the actual numbers of people in absolute and relative poverty are still unknown as many are not counted in statistics and census; standards of poverty line also differ by country. Causes of poverty are very diverse and not exclusively linked to economic dynamics. The political choice of austerity and new laws in support of property owners determined homelessness and widespread poverty within families in the UK, while family codes, lack of agriculture reforms, bond labour, price of food are among the causes of poverty in India. Decades of corruption linked with criminality and consequent skyrocketing public debt is among the main causes of poverty in Southern Italy. Inequality and widespread corruption reduce to poverty millions in Russia where a few oligarchs own 87% of the whole country’s wealth.